Cells’ morphology, size, shape, and other characteristics are all interconnected. Differentiated eukaryotic cells differ according to their function. The fundamental organelles that are utilized to create energy, manufacture proteins, lipids, and carbohydrates, as well as to transport ions and other chemicals, are nonetheless shared by both. According to researches, several research have shown a substantial association between cell form and function (Wu et al., 2020).
Pathology uses morphologic changes to discover the etiology of illness, especially the gross and microscopic structural abnormalities that arise in damaged cells, tissues, and organs. Cells may adopt a variety of forms, and when reborn, they can either revert to their natural state or develop alternative cellular structures such as atrophy, hypertrophy, hyperplasia, dysplasia, and metaplasia (Miller & Zachary, 2017). As cells continue through their life cycle, they experience necrosis or apoptosis. A sort of intentional cell death known as apoptosis is essential for homeostasis, the involution of organs and tissues that are not activated by hormones or growth stimuli, as well as embryologic development. Necrosis is brought on by external dangers like as infection, malignancy, infarction, toxins, hypoxia, inflammation, or trauma. An acute swelling that should theoretically be reversible might become permanent and result in cell death if a cell is unable to recover from a severe or sustained assault (Miller & Zachary, 2017).
Case Study:Â A 15 year old male presents after ingesting windshield wiper fluid to get high.
According to Center for Disease Control and Prevention (2021), windshield wiper fluids are hazardous and include methanol, which can cause blindness and death in even small amounts of level. The amount of moles of dissolved particles per kilogram of solvent is measured as osmolality. Methanol intoxication must be diagnosed and treated as soon as possible. According Ashurst & Nappe (2022), methanol has a low affinity for alcohol dehydrogenase, metabolism is sluggish, and symptoms generally appear 12 to 18 hours later. Because of methanol’s reduced molecular weight, the osmolar gap (osmolarity) is more likely to increase (Kraut & Kurtz, 2007). An abundance of low molecular weight substances, such methanol, may be present if the osmolar gap is greater than 10. Hyponatremia (low sodium levels), which is most frequently associated with hypotonic circumstances, can also brought on by excessive osmolarity. Large molecules in the solution, particularly proteins, produce osmotic pressure, which is what is known as the oncotic pressure. As a result, patients with low oncotic pressure tend to accumulate in the tissues during methanol intoxication, which causes edema, inflammation, and frequent swelling of the lymph nodes in the neck, trachea, and nasal cavity. The risk of breathing obstruction caused by edema exists as a result, especially in individuals with respiratory system disorders and ongoing allergic responses. It is well known that edema and respiratory problems are two of the most typical symptoms of methanol intake in patients (Ashurst & Nappe, 2022).
DISCUSSION POST # 2 Jessica
Cells are the basic building blocks of living organisms.Â Â These â€œbasic units of lifeâ€ work together to form tissues, organs, and organ systems and when there are alterations and maladaptation within these units, development of disease can occur (Dlugasch & Story, 2021).Â Â All cells have the same basic components despite having varying functions and features. The basic components of cells include the cytoplasm, organelles (including the nucleus), and cell membrane (Dlugasch & Story, 2021). The morphology of cells is important because it determines the functionality of the cell and how it will thrive in the human body.Â Â Identifying the shape, structure, size and and form of cells is a process that helps us understand how cells form communities and develop into tissues, organs and systems.Â Â I think of a single cell like a lego.Â Â Once you add more legos together, they have the ability to form something useful. The function of one lego is not as important as the function of the structure created at the end of the lego building process; however each individual lego plays a role to support the greater structure.
Case Study â€“ 15 year old male presents after ingesting windshield wiper fluid to get high. Windshield wiper fluid ingestion can cause methanol toxicity.Â Â In and of itself, methanol has a relatively low intrinsic toxicity; however, it is metabolized to highly toxic compounds, particularly formaldehyde and for magic acid, which can cause blindness, coma, and metabolic disturbances that are often life-threatening (Pressman et al., 2020).
Â· Osmolarity: Osmolarity refers to the number of solute particles per 1 L of solvent.Â Â This unit is best used to describe fluids outside the body and normal serum range is 282-295 mosm/kg (mmol/kg). The osmolal gap is a difference between the measured osmolality and the calculated osmolality.Â Â The normal gap is about 6 mosmol/L (Dlugasch & Story, 2021).Â Â Ingestion of windshield wiper fluid would result in a high (>10 mosmol/L) osmolal gap.Â Â This elevated osmolal gap indicates there is an unknown solute present in the body.
Â· Sodium Levels: Sodium levels would decrease as water shifts from the ECF into the ICF, thus diluting the sodium levels.Â Â Cells then begin to swell, causing inflammation in the body.Â Â Brain cells are of particular concern in this situation.Â Â Metabolic acidosis sets in.
Â· Oncotic Pressure: Oncotic pressure, also known as colloid osmotic pressure, is a form of osmotic pressure that helps to retain water within the vascular space by way of proteins, usually albumin.Â Â In this case, the ingestion of windshield wiper fluid can cause a decrease in the amount of albumin in the body which in turn would result in a low oncotic pressure.Â Â A low oncotic pressure results in the inability to draw water into the cell, so the water stays in the interstitial space, resulting in edema (Dlugasch & Story, 2021).
Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?
Whichever your reason is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.
Students barely have time to read. We got you! Have your literature essay or book review written without having the hassle of reading the book. You can get your literature paper custom-written for you by our literature specialists.
Do you struggle with finance? No need to torture yourself if finance is not your cup of tea. You can order your finance paper from our academic writing service and get 100% original work from competent finance experts.
While psychology may be an interesting subject, you may lack sufficient time to handle your assignments. Don’t despair; by using our academic writing service, you can be assured of perfect grades. Moreover, your grades will be consistent.
Engineering is quite a demanding subject. Students face a lot of pressure and barely have enough time to do what they love to do. Our academic writing service got you covered! Our engineering specialists follow the paper instructions and ensure timely delivery of the paper.
In the nursing course, you may have difficulties with literature reviews, annotated bibliographies, critical essays, and other assignments. Our nursing assignment writers will offer you professional nursing paper help at low prices.
Truth be told, sociology papers can be quite exhausting. Our academic writing service relieves you of fatigue, pressure, and stress. You can relax and have peace of mind as our academic writers handle your sociology assignment.
We take pride in having some of the best business writers in the industry. Our business writers have a lot of experience in the field. They are reliable, and you can be assured of a high-grade paper. They are able to handle business papers of any subject, length, deadline, and difficulty!
We boast of having some of the most experienced statistics experts in the industry. Our statistics experts have diverse skills, expertise, and knowledge to handle any kind of assignment. They have access to all kinds of software to get your assignment done.
Writing a law essay may prove to be an insurmountable obstacle, especially when you need to know the peculiarities of the legislative framework. Take advantage of our top-notch law specialists and get superb grades and 100% satisfaction.
We have highlighted some of the most popular subjects we handle above. Those are just a tip of the iceberg. We deal in all academic disciplines since our writers are as diverse. They have been drawn from across all disciplines, and orders are assigned to those writers believed to be the best in the field. In a nutshell, there is no task we cannot handle; all you need to do is place your order with us. As long as your instructions are clear, just trust we shall deliver irrespective of the discipline.
Our essay writers are graduates with bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college degree. All our academic writers have a minimum of two years of academic writing. We have a stringent recruitment process to ensure that we get only the most competent essay writers in the industry. We also ensure that the writers are handsomely compensated for their value. The majority of our writers are native English speakers. As such, the fluency of language and grammar is impeccable.
There is a very low likelihood that you won’t like the paper.
Not at all. All papers are written from scratch. There is no way your tutor or instructor will realize that you did not write the paper yourself. In fact, we recommend using our assignment help services for consistent results.
We check all papers for plagiarism before we submit them. We use powerful plagiarism checking software such as SafeAssign, LopesWrite, and Turnitin. We also upload the plagiarism report so that you can review it. We understand that plagiarism is academic suicide. We would not take the risk of submitting plagiarized work and jeopardize your academic journey. Furthermore, we do not sell or use prewritten papers, and each paper is written from scratch.
You determine when you get the paper by setting the deadline when placing the order. All papers are delivered within the deadline. We are well aware that we operate in a time-sensitive industry. As such, we have laid out strategies to ensure that the client receives the paper on time and they never miss the deadline. We understand that papers that are submitted late have some points deducted. We do not want you to miss any points due to late submission. We work on beating deadlines by huge margins in order to ensure that you have ample time to review the paper before you submit it.
We have a privacy and confidentiality policy that guides our work. We NEVER share any customer information with third parties. Noone will ever know that you used our assignment help services. It’s only between you and us. We are bound by our policies to protect the customer’s identity and information. All your information, such as your names, phone number, email, order information, and so on, are protected. We have robust security systems that ensure that your data is protected. Hacking our systems is close to impossible, and it has never happened.
You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.
Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.
You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.
The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.
Delivering a high-quality product at a reasonable price is not enough anymore.
That’s why we have developed 5 beneficial guarantees that will make your experience with our service enjoyable, easy, and safe.
You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.Read more
Each paper is composed from scratch, according to your instructions. It is then checked by our plagiarism-detection software. There is no gap where plagiarism could squeeze in.Read more
Thanks to our free revisions, there is no way for you to be unsatisfied. We will work on your paper until you are completely happy with the result.Read more
Your email is safe, as we store it according to international data protection rules. Your bank details are secure, as we use only reliable payment systems.Read more
By sending us your money, you buy the service we provide. Check out our terms and conditions if you prefer business talks to be laid out in official language.Read more