Discussion on the idea of racial

b’Subject: Other’
b’Topic: research paper’
b”must be MLA format, and following all instructions… MUST! many timnyzes u guys didn’t follow any instructions…”


For many years, a lot of people’s lives have been greatly affected by racial discrimination. In the United States (US), racial discrimination has spread in all US states and involved most learning institutions from the largest Universities to the smallest colleges (Daftary, 10). Problems associated with racism have positively impacted different minority students in academic scholars and those who are athletically gifted (Billingsley, 432). The research study will focus on the significant causes of racism and how racial discrimination has affected the learning institutions, mainly in colleges.

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The level of separation occurred in almost every field of associations. For example, minorities could not use the same worship places as most; the minorities could not use the same public transportation. Despite these, many efforts have come up to counter this issue of racial discrimination. Dr. Martin Lurther King Jr.’s works were set against the practice of racism and pleaded for the end of racial violence.


The research used qualitative methods to get precise data from the extensive volume of data available. During the study, surveys were included only by a certain number of college students. They answered questions regarding how they felt when, after discrimination, reasons for being discriminated against. However, the effects of racism do not impact only scholarly students.


Literature Review

In our study, the idea of racial discrimination and race is defined from the social science perspective research. The issue of racism, which has resulted in the United States’ disadvantaged growth, has promoted the review of factors and effects of racial discrimination on the ethnic groups. Other research studies have clearly shown that the levels of stress increase when racial discrimination cases increase (Billingsley, 423).

One of these studies concludes that racial discrimination cases increase the levels of depression, lower self-esteem, and even trauma in communities (Daftary, 8). Even though racism occurs in the learning institutions, they are said to be places filled with learned and intellectual people.

Mostly the campuses and colleges are supposed to give students the best experience of their lives. Therefore it would be bad for people to ruin other people’s campus life experience by discriminating against them against their race, religion, or even gender. Many professions have studied racial discrimination that takes place on college campuses. The study also analyzed different ways people get discriminated against and the effects on the victims of discrimination.

Despite overt racism cases being rare, the study shows that some black students often experience covert and individual racism. Several undercover discrimination instances are directed at black students in predominantly white learning institutions (Jochman, 50). Research shows that most academic advisors who are racist tend to discourage or give bad advice to black students regarding a particular course. Sometimes they may scare off black students by overloading them with many classes that they cannot handle.

Secondly, most white students tend to separate themselves from the black students during classroom time, hallways, or even in study groups. Thirdly most black students experience being left out in the student sharing networks, for example, note sharing, course outlines, or even during old/makeup exams. In many colleges, most racist lecturers have device ways to avoid being racist labels (Jochman, 70). For example, of such lectures, when approached by black students, they hesitate to give the black students advice and most likely suggest to them drop the course.

Analysis from the survey data collected indicates that institutional racism is still present every day in colleges. Most black students perform poorly on standardized tests than their white counterparts students. The black students’ results are weighed heavily during the admission stage, raising the college tuition fees, reducing the amount of aid the student can get, and creating challenges in other financial supports.

Unfortunately, decreasing financial aid for black students create more barriers for them to access education facilities. Recent research has proved that racial attitudes are high on white campuses (Bird, 1). Some white students have now started to believe that society has become racially equal. Both the black students and other minorities’ students are being treated equally or singled for just having different cultural backgrounds. From such efforts, white students also developed a sense of being the victims instead of fixing discrimination.


From the research study, results show that most racial profiled students suffered a state of denial, which led to higher levels of psychological stress, affecting students’ performance in the colleges. Most minority students usually go through very frustrating and decolorizing academic life, but some choose to survive and thrive through the challenges.

They do not face typical challenges for regular students, such as struggling to balance their home and classwork or even facing challenging class assignments. In our society, black people live under two identities. They are under pressure to view themselves from their white peers’ perspectives. Finally, according to the research, today’s black students may develop a unique circumstance related to psychological problems that may become a severe health problem concern if left unnoticeable.

Feelings about the research

From the research, a reader tends to see racial discrimination as a habit of learning from others. In most schools across the US, black students and other minorities feel disconnected from their schools. Their schools’ implicit institutionalized racism creates an emotional barrier between minority students and their white peers. Readers can also think that being black in a predominantly white college as a student, you are likely to have mental health issues. Also, from the study, most readers can see that various suggestions show that most minority students will not enjoy campus life the way white students would do.

Personal feelings about the Topic

From the Topic of the study, racism does not only affect the learning institutions but also has spread across all social sectors in our lifestyles. Experiencing discrimination in learning institutions create a very unpleasant feeling, badly enough such that even the scholarly students have to experience its effects. But not only the academic students, but also affects the sports in schools.

There have been cases whereby sports coach strategically position-specific players based on their racial capabilities. There are racial stereotypes devoted to African American athletics, suggesting that they are faster in track than white athletics. From the stereotype, coaches in colleges tend to assign African Americans to the speeding truck positions.

Other people tend to have two minds from college coaches’ above claims practicing discrimination by positioning individual players based on their race. Even it is normal to see specific race athletes in certain positions. I believe that coaches strategize their players’ based performance capabilities. Therefore, it does not depend on students’ race; if they can perform best at a specific position, he/she should play in that position.


Although racial discrimination cases are becoming less and less over time, its testicles can still reach the learning institution in our current society. Many people’s lives have been affected by racial discrimination. Many colleges across the United States have been affected by racial bias. Different students in both universities and colleges experience racism based on either their race, religion, or even gender.  Racial stereotyping is ignorance from those people who do not want to acknowledge the diversity of different cultures and races in the world. The next research will look at racial discrimination experiences in workplaces. Finally, the study’s recommendation would be to those who are arrogant and are still practicing racism. They should try to understand that the world contains unique people, so they should embrace it.



  • Billingsley, Janelle T. “Discrimination, mental health and academic performance among underrepresented college students: the role of extracurricular activities at predominantly white institutions.” Social Psychology of Education, vol. 22, no. 2, 2019, pp. 421-446. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s11218-019-09484-8
  • Bird, Kaira L. “Evaluating social inclusion: An adaptable measure for use on college campuses.” International Journal of Undergraduate Research and Creative Activities, vol. 12, no. 2, 2020, p. 1. https://ijurca-pub.org/articles/10.7710/2168-0620.0303/
  • Daftary, Ashley-Marie, et al. “Discrimination, depression, and anxiety among college women in the Trump era.” Journal of Gender Studies, 2020, pp. 1-14. https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/09589236.2020.1767546?casa_token=x2E8Or0Nk-kAAAAA:Vzs5h5TmYJNWk7IPRK_-VQtWR98wgJZm589z0i4bqk1Rj7jiALuhVcIiAIDulhkuPWnnOgzkSgl0L-U
  • Jochman, Joseph C., et al. “Mental Health Outcomes of Discrimination among College Students on a Predominately White Campus: A Prospective Study.” Socius: Sociological Research for a Dynamic World, vol. 5, 2019, pp. 23-725. https://journals.sagepub.com/doi/abs/10.1177/2378023119842728


Labor Unions Today
Research Paper Assignment
Due in Module 5
Labor unions are much smaller today compared to their peak membership in the 1950s.
American unions remain a political factor, through mobilization of their memberships
around issues such as immigrant rights, trade policy, health care, and living wage
campaigns. Many feel that unions are no longer needed in today’s business
environment while others fell they are still needed, especially in certain segments of the
• Research the following about labor unions in the United States:
o The status of union membership.
o What experts are saying about the need for the continuation of union activities
today? Are there segments of the workforce that really need union protection?
o At least four (4) different references must be used in your research.
• In a brief research paper (750-1000 words – about 3-4 pages):
o Summarize your research findings on the topics noted above.
o Your feelings about this research?
o Do you feel labor unions are needed or are they no longer needed in today’s
business environment?
• Your research paper should be well organized, grammatically correct, and with no
spelling errors
• Type your paper using a word processor (e.g. Microsoft Word, Google Docs, etc.) and
formatted in the MLA style. This includes citing sources in text and the Works Cited page
(not included in the count of words for the paper). A summary of the MLA style is
available in Prof. T’s. References located in the Content section of the Course Menu.
Please note that I require URL’s in references for Web sites and that you use the Times
New Roman font with a font size of 12.
The document must be saved using the file type of .doc, .docx, or .pdf.
o If you are using Pages on a Mac, as your word processor, make sure you save
your work in the Word format (.docx) or Portable Document Format (.pdf)
before uploading your submission in the Bb Assignment Tool.
• In Bb upload your essay as an attachment in the Labor Unions Today Research Paper
Assignment Tool located in the Assignments – Module 5 folder of Module 5.
• No late assignments will be accepted.
4 references 10%
Research summary 30%
Your feelings on the research (1 or 2 paragraphs) 25%
Your personal feelings on this topic (2 or 3 paragraphs) 30%
MLA Format 5%
Total 100%
Remember to check the Course Schedule located in the Course Information section of Course
Menu for the due date.



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