Essay Question – PREBBLES’ ARTFORMS

 As you read the chapters 11-14 in Module Five – in the accompanying assessment (quiz), there will be short essays with a minimum word count of 350+ to earn any points.

answer one of the five questions below Remember there is a minimum of 350+ words for your essay. Not including the title, etc.
Ch11:
In the video “The Power of Typography” discuss how the artist and designer Mia Cinelli open our eyes to the decision’s designers make in the world of typography and reveals how these decisions impact our daily lives?

The video Link : https://youtu.be/C_RzDqgGcao

Ch12:
After you complete watching the three videos of the artist Li Hogbo’s paper sculpture prepare a short essay describing the process of how he creates these unusual pieces of work.
Video Link : https://youtu.be/VtORrWaePDA

OR
After watching the video “Standbeest Evolution” by the artist Theo Jasen what are your thoughts of his kinetic animal like sculpture? Why do you think he uses the word evolution to his work? If you what to learn more search online for other YouTube videos in which he his will explain the process and motive to his evolving kinetic work.
The video link : https://youtu.be/MYGJ9jrbpvg

Ch13:
Craft in America video Threads discusses several artists. I would like you to go to the artist episode link in the module and select two artists that you liked and share their work. Start with the craft person’s name, the medium they used and why you selected the artists?
Video Link : http://www.craftinamerica.org/episodes/threads/

Ch14:

In the video “Buildings that blend nature and city,” the architect Jeanne Gang shares with the viewer how she accomplishes this task. In your short essay explain what she means by blending of nature and city. Can you give an example of such a building that you have seen?
Video link : https://youtu.be/E_fB_s_TC5k

 

 

Prebles’ Artforms

Twelfth Edition

Chapter 11

Design Disciplines

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Learning Objectives

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

11.2 Explain the rise of motion graphics as a design discipline.

11.3 Describe the uses of interactive design.

11.4 Assess industrial products that integrate utility, technology, and cutting-edge design.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Introduction

Michael Beirut, Saks Fifth Avenue logo

Challenge of renewing a brand

64 square pieces sliced from original logo and recombined randomly

Still recognizable but innovative

Challenges of designers

Solving problems and presenting solutions

Working in a number of disciplines

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Michael Bierut. Saks Fifth Avenue logo. 2007. Design Firm: Pentagram. Image courtesy of Saks Fifth Avenue. HBC Corporate Collection. [Fig. 11-1]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (1 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

The process of working with words and pictures to enhance visual communication

Mostly involving designing materials to be printed

Most frequent artform encountered in daily life

Creative process employing art and technology

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (2 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Typography

The art and technique of composing printed material from letterforms (typefaces or fonts)

Decades ago, typewriters mostly had the same typeface.

Since Chinese invention of printing, thousands of typefaces have been created.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (3 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Typography

Roman letters

Based on capital letters carved in stone by early Romans

Strokes ending in serifs

Short lines with pointed ends at an angle to the main strokes

“Not italic”

Sans serif fonts have a modern look.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (4 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Typography

Today, redesigns incorporate readability and contemporary preference

Donald Meeker

Changes to Clearview Hwy typeface

Expanded hollow spaces for better readability

Interstate highway signs

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Donald Meeker. Clearview Hwy typeface. 2004 to present. Sample road sign using Clearview 5-w. [Fig. 11-2a]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Donald Meeker. Clearview Hwy typeface. 2004 to present. Development of Clearview Hwy font from previous Federal Highway font. [Fig. 11-2b]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (5 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Typography

Heidy Cody, American Alphabet

All 26 letters in the initials of corporate logos

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Heidi Cody. American Alphabet. 2000. A set of 26 aluminum light boxes which feature the isolated first letters of American grocery products. Lambda Duratrans print. Each box 28” × 28” × 7”. © 2000 Heidi Cody. www.heidicody.com. [Fig. 11-3]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (6 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Typography

Jonathan Cuervo Cisneros

Redesigns and updates old fonts

Febrile

Based on black letter typefaces found on documents in colonial Latin America

Slanted the letters backward

Added frilly details to the capitals

Created digitally

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Jonathan Cuervo Cisneros. Febrile Type Font. 2014.

Courtesy of Jonathan Cuervo Cisneros. [Fig. 11-4]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (7 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Logos

An identifying mark or trademark based on letterforms combined with pictorial elements

Companies spend large sums on graphic design

Sovereign Bank logo

Lantern sheds light

Colonial Bank logo

Based on letter C

Image of eagle standing guard

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Superflex. Bankrupt Banks series. 2012. Acrylic on cotton. Each 79” × 79”. A. Sovereign Bank acquired by Banco Santander SA, October 13, 2008.

b. Colonial Bank acquired by BB&T, August 14, 2009.

Courtesy of the artist and Peter Blum Gallery, New York. [Fig. 11-5]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (8 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Posters and Other Graphics

Poster

Combines type and images in a single panel to provide information

Concept more than a hundred years old

Early posters mostly lithographs

Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec

Advances in technology in 1920s, 1930s

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (9 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Posters and Other Graphics

Poster

Social causes easily expressed

Black Panther Party

Chicano movement

Guerrilla Girls

Protest inadequate representation of women in the art world

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Guerrilla Girls. Metropolitan Museum Poster. 1989. © Guerrilla Girls. Courtesy of guerrillagirls.com. [Fig. 11-6]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (10 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Posters and Other Graphics

Poster

Chaz Maviyane-Davies, Seeking Asylum is a Human Right

Reminds us of human right to seek asylum

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Chaz Maviyane-Davies. Seeking Asylum is a Human Right. 2016. Poster. Courtesy of the artist. [Fig. 11-7]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (11 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Posters and Other Graphics

Poster

Portlandia

Uses humor

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Cold Open. Poster for Portlandia. 2015. Photo courtesy of The Broadway Video Group, Inc. [Fig. 11-8]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (12 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Posters and Other Graphics

Jonathan Barnbrook

Series of pictograms called Olympukes for 2010 Winter Olympic Games

Drowning in Advertising

Available for free as wallpaper for iPhones

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Virus Fonts. Drowning in Advertising. From Olympukes set of pictograms. 2009. iPhone wallpaper. 480 × 320 pixels. Barnbrook. [Fig. 11-9]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Graphic Design (13 of 13)

11.1 Discuss the use of graphic design in the visual communication of information and ideas.

Posters and Other Graphics

Book covers

Function like corporate logos

Uniting image and text to extend message of a book

Janet Hansen, Voices in the Night

Suggests a turned-down bedsheet

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Janet Hansen. Voices in the Night by Steven Millhauser. Book cover. 2015. Designer: Janet Hansen, Knopf. [Fig. 11-10]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Motion Graphics (1 of 4)

11.2 Explain the rise of motion graphics as a design discipline.

Visual effects, live action, and animation used in a two-dimensional project that moves

Began with title sequences in Hollywood

Roll of credits at the beginning of a film

Saul Bass

Innovated title sequence as “climate” for the story to follow in early 1960s

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Motion Graphics (2 of 4)

11.2 Explain the rise of motion graphics as a design discipline.

Kyle Cooper, Se7en

Most original use of new technologies

Layered images, film clips, spoiled type

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Kyle Cooper. Title Sequence for Se7en. 1995.

Film directed by David Fincher. A Time Warner Company, Inc. [Fig.11-11]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Motion Graphics (3 of 4)

11.2 Explain the rise of motion graphics as a design discipline.

Many designers still crave the hand-drawn look

Karin Fong

Fast-moving sequence for Rubicon

Work nominated for an Emmy

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Karin Fong. Trial frames for title sequence to Rubicon. 2010. Film stills. Courtesy of the artist. [Fig. 11-12]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Motion Graphics (4 of 4)

11.2 Explain the rise of motion graphics as a design discipline.

Karin Fong: Animating New Narratives

Main titles invite the audience to “leave the real world and go to this other place”

Coining of “infopeel”

A template of moving shapes with spaces for the insertion of dates of upcoming events and photos of performers

Emphasis on relationship between image, story, and word

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Karin Fong. Courtesy of Imaginary Forces. [Fig. 11-13]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Karin Fong and Mark Gardner. Lincoln Center Infopeel. 2009. Outdoor motion graphics display at 65th St. and Broadway, New York. [Fig. 11-14]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Interactive Design (1 of 3)

11.3 Describe the uses of interactive design.

Designs that organize interactive information while keeping layouts attractive

QR, or Quick Response codes

2009 building in Japan built one onto its surface

Information about the building’s hours of operation, sales inside, and recent tweets from users

Alternative to billboards

Doesn’t push content on anyone

Requires user to activate

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Terada Design Architects. N Building. 2009. Tachikawa, Japan. Interactive façade by Qosmo, Inc. Lighting by Izumi Okayasu Lighting Design. Photograph by Yuki Omori. [Fig. 11-15]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Interactive Design (2 of 3)

11.3 Describe the uses of interactive design.

Websites

Major source of information for all of us

Well-designed site makes information-gathering enjoyable

The Sonic Sea

Graphics and color scheme are peaceful

Links to take action

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Imaginary Forces. Website for The Sonic Sea. 2015. Henry Chang, designer. [Fig. 11-16]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Interactive Design (3 of 3)

11.3 Describe the uses of interactive design.

Smartphone apps

INKS

Interactive but artistic

Results can be saved, printed, or shared

Users can amass a gallery of own creations

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

State of Play. INKS. 2016. Handheld device game app. State of Play Games. [Fig. 11-17]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Industrial Product Design (1 of 3)

11.4 Assess industrial products that integrate utility, technology, and cutting-edge design.

Industrial design

Works to make everyday products more beautiful, useful, sustainable

Integrate utility, technology, cutting-edge design

Sony Corporation, TR-610, 1957

Handheld, small speaker, antenna

Customers could choose color

More than 2 million sold in two years

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Sony Corporation. TR-610 transistor radio. 1957.

INTERFOTO/Alamy Stock Photo. [Fig. 11-18]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Industrial Product Design (2 of 3)

11.4 Assess industrial products that integrate utility, technology, and cutting-edge design.

BMW Concept e Scooter

Benefited from lithium ion batteries

Broadened use of electricity

No gas tank or tailpipe

Structure suggests speed

Nearly silent

Zero emissions

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

New BMW Concept e Scooter on the IAA 2011 International Motor Show in Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Artpartner-images.com/Alamy Stock Photo. [Fig. 11-19]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Industrial Product Design (3 of 3)

11.4 Assess industrial products that integrate utility, technology, and cutting-edge design.

Battery Chair

Andrew Jones rethought mundane chair

Overall shape suggests a flower

Stackable design

Cartoony shape suggests informality and relaxation

Encourages relaxed posture

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Andrew Jones. The Battery Chair. 2014. Battery Park Conservancy, NY. Maglin Site Furniture, Woodstock, Ontario. [Fig. 11-20]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Copyright

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

48

 

Prebles’ Artforms

Twelfth Edition

Chapter 12

Sculpture

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Learning Objectives

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

12.3 Define and describe kinetic sculpture.

12.4 Explain the parameters and components of mixed media sculpture.

12.5 Discuss artists’ use of installation and site-specific art to transform their surroundings.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Introduction

Martin Puryear, C.F.A.O.

Unpainted stack of wood on one side

Large, curving shape based on an elongated African mask on the other

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (1 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Sculpture is a work in three dimensions.

Height, breadth, depth

Experience existing in space

Two main types: freestanding and relief

Freestanding or in-the-round

Sculpture meant to be seen from all sides

Relief

Sculpture projects from a background surface

Low-relief (bas relief)

Slight projection

The Apollo coin

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

4

Martin Puryear. C.F.A.O. 2006–7. Painted and unpainted pine and found wheelbarrow. 8’5” × 6’5-1/2” × 61”. The Museum of Modern Art, New York. Photograph: Richard Goodbody. © Martin Puryear. Courtesy of the Matthew Marks Gallery. [Fig. 12-1]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (2 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Freestanding or in-the-round

Sculpture meant to be seen from all sides

Relief

Sculpture projects from a background surface

Low-relief (bas relief)

Slight projection

The Apollo coin

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

6

Silver Coin with Apollo. c.400 BCE.

British Museum 1896,0601.18. © The Trustees of the British Museum. [Fig. 12-2]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (3 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Relief

Low-relief (bas relief)

Temple complex of Angkor Wat, the center of Khmer empire in 12th century

Army on the March

Delicate low-relief carving

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

8

Army on the March. Relief from Angkor Wat, Cambodia. 1100–50. Sandstone. Photographer: Eliot Elisofan. Time & Life Pictures/Getty Images. [Fig. 12-3]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Freestyle and Relief Sculpture (4 of 4)

12.1 Compare examples of freestanding, low-relief, and high-relief sculpture.

Relief

High-relief

More than half of the natural circumference projects from surface

Corporate Wars: Wall of Influence

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

10

Robert Longo. Corporate Wars: Wall of Influence. 1982. Middle portion. Cast aluminum. 7’ × 9’. Courtesy of the artist and Metro Pictures. [Fig. 12-4]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (1 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Modeling

An additive process of building up material such as clay, wax, or plaster

Ballplayer with Three-Part Yoke and Bird Headdress

Naturalistic clay sculpture

Fingerprint impressions visible

Armature

A rigid inner support under soft materials

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Ballplayer with Three-Part Yoke and Bird Headdress. Maya Classic period, 600–800 CE. Ceramic with traces of blue pigment. 13-15/32” × 7”. Princeton University Art Museum. Museum purchase, Fowler McCormick, Class of 1921 Fund, in honor of Gillett G. Griffin on his 70th birthday. 1998–36. Photo by Bruce M. White. © 2018. Princeton University Art Museum/Art Resource NY/Scala, Florence. [Fig. 12-5]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (2 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Modeling

Auguste Rodin, Naked Balzac

Small armature

Gradually added plaster

When plaster dried, he removed the armature

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Auguste Rodin. Naked Balzac. 1892–93.

Plaster painted with varnish. Height 29-3/4”. Rodin Museum, Philadelphia. 1971-142-1. Philadelphia Museum of Art, Pennsylvania, PA, USA/Bridgeman Images. [Fig. 12-6]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (3 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Modeling

Ken Price, Vink

Non-representational

Clay layered in acrylic paint

Mysterious, iridescent quality

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Ken Price. Vink. 2009. Acrylic on fired ceramic. 9” × 20” × 11”. © Ken Price. Courtesy of L.A. Louver, Venice, CA. [Fig. 12-7]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (4 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Process involving the substitution of one material for another

Developed in ancient China, Greece, parts of Africa

Used extensively in the West from Renaissance times

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (5 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Steps

Mold taken from original work

Completely surrounds the original

Original sculpture removed from the mold

May require disassembly

Casting liquid poured into mold cavity

Mold removed when liquid hardens

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Lost-Wax Casting Process. [Fig. 12-8]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (6 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Lost-wax process

Mold only used once and destroyed to remove the hardened cast

Solid or hollow

Many items other than art are cast.

Engine parts, dishes, children’s toys

Charles Ray, Father Figure

Based on green plastic toy tractor

Enlarged to life-size

Cast in solid steel, weighs more than 18 tons

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Charles Ray. Father Figure. 2007. Painted steel. 93-3⁄4” × 137” × 71-3⁄4”. © Charles Ray. Courtesy of Matthew Marks Gallery, New York. [Fig. 12-9]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (7 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Duane Hanson

Cast actual people

Silicone rubber applied to skin

Cut cast away

Painted skin tones, added human hair and clothing

Man with Camera

Jolt of realism

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Duane Hanson. Man with Camera. 1991. Auto body filler polychromed in oil, mixed media, accessories. Life size. Van de Weghe Fine Art, New York. Photo by Tom Powel Imaging, Inc. © Estate of Duane Hanson/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. [Fig. 12-10]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (8 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Casting

Rachel Whiteread, Untitled (Hive I)

Beekeeper’s hive filled with brown-orange resin

Gives absence a new kind of haunting presence

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Rachel Whiteread. Untitled (Hive) I. 2007–8. Resin (two parts). 32-1⁄8” × 20-15⁄16” × 25-3⁄16”. © Rachel Whiteread. Courtesy of the Gagosian Gallery. [Fig. 12-11]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (9 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Carving

Subtractive process of taking away unwanted material

Michelangelo, Awakening Slave

Unfinished piece revealing process

Most challenging method

No error correction possible

Marble preferred material in the West

Can be polished for smooth surface

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Michelangelo Buonarroti. Awakening Slave. 1530–34. Marble. Height 9’. Galleria dell’Accademia, Florence. akg-image/Rabatti-Domingie. [Fig. 12-12]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (10 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Carving

Other materials

Granite

Less vulnerable to modern pollution

Sandstone and limestone

Schist favored by Egyptians

Jade favored by Chinese

Suitable for small, elaborate pieces

Raised bosses on surface of disk (bi)

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Disk (bi). China, Western Han dynasty, c.100–220 CE. Jade (nephrite). Diameter 7”. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington. D.C. Gift of Charles Lang Freer, F1916.155. [Fig. 12-13]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (11 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Carving

Wood

Preference for walnut and cypress

Elizabeth Catlett, Mother and Child

Abstract composition of sweeping curves and essential shapes

Highly polished smooth wood

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Elizabeth Catlett. Mother and Child #2. 1971. Walnut. Height 38”. Photograph by Samella Lewis. © Catlett Mora Family Trust/Licensed by VAGA, New York, NY. [Fig. 12-14]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (12 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Constructing and assembling

Assembled sculpture

Became popular early in 20th century

Julio González

Pioneered the use of a welding torch in metal sculpture

Assisted Picasso

Maternity

Airy, playful, feminine shape

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Julio González. Maternity. 1934. Steel and stone. Height 49-7⁄8”. © Tate, London 2013 © 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. [Fig. 12-15]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (13 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Constructing and assembling

Phyllida Barlow

Ungainly constructions that fill galleries to point of obstruction

Teetering piece is a visual jolt to viewers

Carefully engineered for safety

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Phyllida Barlow. Untitled:stiltedcrates2015. 2015. Timber, polyurethane foam, polystyrene, cement, steel, plywood, plastic fastening, paint, hardboard, and PVA. Eight parts, each approx. 196-7/8” × 393-3/4” × 472-1/2”. © Phyllida Barlow. Courtesy of the artist and Hauser & Wirth. [Fig. 12-16]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (14 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Constructing and assembling

Marc André Robinson, Throne for the Greatest Rapper of All Time

Lower center of found chairs

From thrift stores or old used furniture

Higher back and wings dignify the intended sitter

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Marc André Robinson. Throne for the Greatest Rapper of All Time. 2005. Wood. 76” × 69” × 48”. Private Collection. [Fig. 12-17]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Methods and Materials (15 of 15)

12.2 Describe modeling, casting, carving, and constructive techniques used to make sculpture.

Martin Puryear: Constructing Possibilities

“The difference is so great when you go into the third dimension.”

Served in Peace Corps in Sierra Leone

Admired woodworkers for resourcefulness and skill

Hominid

Creation shows obvious craftsmanship

Work designed to suggest shapes

Viewers then complete in their minds

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Martin Puryear. Hominid. 2007–11. Eastern white pine. 73” × 77-1/2” × 57”.

Currently located at Martin Puryear’s studio. Photograph: Christian Erroi. © Martin Puryear. Courtesy of Matthew Marks Gallery. [Fig. 12-18]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Kinetic Sculpture (1 of 2)

12.3 Define and describe kinetic sculpture.

Sculpture that moves

Pioneer Alexander Calder

Focus on shape, space, and movement

Often called mobiles when parts move in response to small air currents

Jesús Rafael Soto, Escritura Hurtado (Hurtado Writing)

Wire slowly swaying in response

Resembles strokes of handwriting

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Jesús Rafael Soto. Escritura Hurtado (Hurtado Writing). 1975. Paint, wire, nylon cord, and wood. 40″ × 68″ × 18″. Reprinted with permission from the General Secretariat of the OAS AMA. Art Museum of the Americas Collection. © 2013 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. [Fig. 12-19]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Kinetic Sculpture (2 of 2)

12.3 Define and describe kinetic sculpture.

Some move under human-made power

Jean Tinguely, Méta-Harmonie II

Used electricity

Viewers activate the work

Creates a cacophony of sound

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Jean Tinguely, Méta-Harmonie II. 1979.

Mobile scrap-iron sculpture with musical instruments and other objects. Three parts; iron, sheet metal, brass, plastic, rubber, wood, leather, glass, electric motor. 149-1/2” × 271-1/2” × 63”.

Emanuel Hoffman Foundation. Gift of Paul Sacher 1980, on permanent loan to the Ӧffentliche Kunstsammlung Basel. Photograph: Bisig & Bayer, Basel. © 2018 Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York/ADAGP, Paris. [Fig. 12-20]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Mixed Media (1 of 3)

12.4 Explain the parameters and components of mixed media sculpture.

A variety of media in a single work

Often represents a cultural or symbolic meaning

Cai Guo-Qiang, Inopportune: Stage One

Nine automobiles perforated with light tubes

References both contemporary action movies and car bombings by terrorists

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Cai Guo-Qiang. Inopportune: Stage One. 2004. Nine cars and sequenced multichannel light tubes. Each car: 16’ × 6’. Collection of Seattle Art Museum, Gift of Robert M. Arnold, in honor of the 75th Anniversary of the Seattle Art Museum, 2006. [Fig. 12-21]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Mixed Media (2 of 3)

12.4 Explain the parameters and components of mixed media sculpture.

Lara Schnitger

Fabric over wooden armatures creating sculpture and hollow interiors

Elements of fashion design

“Dressmaking” a feminist message

Grim Boy

6 feet tall, like a gangly teen

Tense, lurking, and birdlike stare

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Lara Schnitger. Grim Boy. 2005. Wood, fabric, and mixed media. 71” × 59” × 20”. Anton Kern Gallery, New York. [Fig. 12-22]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Mixed Media (3 of 3)

12.4 Explain the parameters and components of mixed media sculpture.

Nick Cave

Uses extremely wide variety of media

Sculpture

Antique couch, a ceramic dog, metal flowers, light fixture, and more

Strong element of fantasy

Creates sculpture that juxtaposes recognizable things

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Nick Cave. Sculpture. 2013. Mixed media, including ceramic birds, metal flowers, ceramic Doberman, vintage settee, and light fixture. 88” × 72” × 44”.

Photograph by James Prinz Photography. Courtesy of the artist and Jack Shainman Gallery, New York. [Fig. 12-23]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Installation and Site-Specific Art (1 of 3)

12.5 Discuss artists’ use of installation and site-specific art to transform their surroundings.

Installation

Artist treats an entire space as an artwork and transforms it

Rafael Lozano-Hemmer, Airborne

Projected news stories onto walls

Viewers’ shadows blocked the texts

New way for viewers to interact with news of the day

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Rafael Lozano-Hemmer. Airborne. 2013.

Installation. As installed in the Museo de Arte Contemporáneo, Mexico City, 2015. Photograph: Oliver Santana. [Fig. 12-24]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Installation and Site-Specific Art (2 of 3)

12.5 Discuss artists’ use of installation and site-specific art to transform their surroundings.

Site-specific

Works intended only for particular locations

Best known is Richard Serra’s Tilted Arc

Steel blade 12 feet high

Blocked view, collected graffiti, became a homeless shelter in the middle of a federal office plaza

Artist sued when city wanted to relocate work

Claimed it was meant for that spot

Court ruled that government, as owner of the work, could dispose of it

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Richard Serra. Tilted Arc. 1981. Steel. Height 12’ × 120′. AP Photo/Mario Cabrera. © 2018 Richard Serra/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. [Fig. 12-25]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Installation and Site-Specific Art (3 of 3)

12.5 Discuss artists’ use of installation and site-specific art to transform their surroundings.

Site-specific

Olafur Eliasson, Waterfall

Gardens of Versailles

Huge cascade appears to emerge out of nowhere

Extreme version of waterfalls and foundations on the grounds

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Olafur Eliasson. Waterfall. 2016.

Crane, water, stainless steel, pump system, hose, ballast. Palace of Versailles.

Photograph: L Anders Sune Berg. Courtesy of the artist; neugerriemschneider, Berlin; Tanya Bonakdar Gallery, New York. © Olafur Eliasson. [Fig. 12-26]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Copyright

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

57

 

Prebles’ Artforms

Twelfth Edition

Chapter 13

Craft Media in Useful Objects

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Learning Objectives

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

13.2 Discuss some of the techniques used by artists working with glass.

13.3 Describe metalworking techniques used in the creation of functional objects.

13.4 Identify directional forces in a work of art and explain how artists use them.

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Introduction

William Morris, Windrush

Well-crafted, repeatable woodblock print

Can serve as textile or wallpaper pattern

Interior art improving public’s lives

Separation of art from “craft” in the Western world

Craft as “useful” objects

Artists challenging the notion of function

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

William Morris. Windrush. 1892. Textile pattern, repeatable. Woodblock print on paper. Victoria and Albert Museum, London. V&A Images, London/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 13-1]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (1 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Soil with a heavily volcanic makeup mixed with water

Ceramics

The art and science of making objects from clay

Ceramists make any work with clay.

Potters specialize in making dishes.

Must fire a clay object at high temperatures in a kiln oven

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (2 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Types of clay

Earthenware

Porous, low-temperature firing

Stoneware

Heavier, high-temperature firing

Porcelain

Rarest, most expensive

Throwing

Shaping clay on a revolving wheel

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (3 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Process

Shape clay on potter’s wheel

Air dry piece

Fire in kiln

Decorating ceramics

Slip

Mixture of clay and water

Glaze

A liquid paint with silica base

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (4 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Ancient Greece a center of pottery production

Usually made from terra cotta

Earthenware that can be fired at low temperature

Each step done by a different person

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Eucharides Painter. Oil Jar with Man Holding a Lyre. Greek Attic Period. c.500–470 BCE. Height 13-5/16”. J. Paul Getty Museum, 73.AE.23. [Fig. 13-2]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (5 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Chinese ceramists perfected blue decoration on white porcelain body

Known nearly worldwide in seventeenth and eighteenth centuries

Blue only color of glaze that could withstand high firing temperatures

Octagonal

Hand-built, not thrown on a wheel

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Octagonal P’ing Vase. China. Yuan Dynasty. 1179–1368.

Blue and white porcelain. People’s Republic of China/Bridgeman Images. [Fig. 13-3]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (6 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Recent works with divergent styles

Betty Woodman, Divided Vases: Cubist

Earthenware with a free-form look

Flat perforated panels in handles

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Betty Woodman. Divided Vases: Cubist. 2004. Glazed earthenware, epoxy resin, lacquer, and paint. 34-1⁄2” × 39” × 7”. Salon 94, New York. [Fig. 13-4]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Clay (7 of 7)

13.1 Identify the three general categories of clay and describe their characteristics.

Grayson Perry, Quotes from the Internet

Ironic sensibility

Resembles jug of whiskey

Used stoneware

Threw on a wheel

Casual approach parallels views about art

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Grayson Perry. Quotes from the Internet. 2005.

Glazed ceramic. 25-5/8” × 17-3/4”. © Grayson Perry. Courtesy of the artist and Victoria Miro, London. [Fig. 13-5]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Glass (1 of 4)

13.2 Discuss some of the techniques used by artists working with glass.

Chemically related to ceramic glaze

Wide range of manipulation

Stained glass

Blown glass

Inlays in various objects

Sensitive and amorphous when hot

Solidifies when it cools without crystallizing

Fluid nature producing line and volume

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Glass (2 of 4)

13.2 Discuss some of the techniques used by artists working with glass.

Stained glass

Reached peak in Middle Ages

Technique little changed since

Resurgence in Europe and United States in late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries

Mary Lowndes, Resurrection Window

Painted liberally

Adventurous, unbalanced

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Mary Lowndes. Resurrection Window. 1901.

St. Mary’s Church, Sturminster Newton, UK.

craft images/Alamy Stock Photo. [Fig. 13-6]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Glass (3 of 4)

13.2 Discuss some of the techniques used by artists working with glass.

Daly Chihuly, Citron Basket Set

Inspired by Native American baskets

Older baskets tended to sag

Long series of glass works to capture some of those shapes

Blew round piece of molten glass

Spinning it to open at one end and slump slightly

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Dale Chihuly. Citron Basket Set with Ebony Lip Wraps. 2015. Blown glass. 11” × 16” × 16”. Courtesy of the artist. [Fig. 13-7]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Glass (4 of 4)

13.2 Discuss some of the techniques used by artists working with glass.

Mona Hatoum, Nature morte aux grenades

Researched explosive devices and recreated them in colorful pieces

“Specimens” placed in gurney

Used beauty of glass to represent lethal objects

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Mona Hatoum. Nature morte aux grenades (Still Life with Hand Grenades). 2006–7. Crystal, mild steel, rubber. 38-3⁄8” × 81-7⁄8” × 27-1⁄2”. Photograph: Marc Domage. Courtesy of Alexander and Bonin, New York. [Fig. 13-8]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Metal (1 of 3)

13.3 Describe metalworking techniques used in the creation of functional objects.

Metal

Strong and formidable

Can be hammered, cut, inlayed, drawn out, welded, joined with rivets, or cast

Early metalsmiths created tools, vessels, armor, and weapons.

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Metal (2 of 3)

13.3 Describe metalworking techniques used in the creation of functional objects.

Muslim traditions in 13th/14th centuries

Unparalleled sophistication

d’Arenberg Basin

Made for last ruler of Ayyubid dynasty

Body first cast in brass then inlaid with precisely cut pieces of silver

Highly detailed, even panels

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The d’Arenberg Basin. Probably Damascus, Syria. 1247–49. Brass inlaid with silver. 8-7⁄8” × 19-5⁄8”. Freer Gallery of Art and Arthur M. Sackler Gallery, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. Purchase – Charles Lang Freer Endowment, F1955.10. [Fig. 13-9]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Metal (3 of 3)

13.3 Describe metalworking techniques used in the creation of functional objects.

Metal can be hammered or molded into elegant, useful shapes

Margaret De Patta, flatware

Believed daily objects should keep pace with modern art innovations

Simple shapes that do not sacrifice utility

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Margaret De Patta. Flatware Set. 1936. Silver, copper, stainless steel. Length of knife 9-3/8”. Decorative Arts Deaccession Fund (M.2007.20.1-.4). © 2018. Digital Image Museum Associates/LACMA/Art Resource, NY/Scala, Florence. © Estate of Margaret De Patta. [Fig. 13-10]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Wood (1 of 3)

13.4 Identify directional forces in a work of art and explain how artists use them.

Living spirit of wood offers vitality

Abundant, versatile, and warm qualities

Movement toward sustainability

Marquetry

Small pieces laid down

Unlike inlay, no bounding wall between the pieces of wood

Artist creates a cartoon, lays it on prepared wood, pricks holes

Artist cuts wood pieces and glues them into place

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Wood (2 of 3)

13.4 Identify directional forces in a work of art and explain how artists use them.

Peter Glass

Brought marquetry to United States

Octagonal folding table

Highly ornate

30,000 pieces of wood used

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Peter Glass. Marquetry Table. 1868. Wood. Height 41”. DL*281476.0047. Division of Home and Community Life, National Museum of American History, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. [Fig. 13-11]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Wood (3 of 3)

13.4 Identify directional forces in a work of art and explain how artists use them.

Most wood is flexible when wet

Retains shape when dry

Nina Bruun, Nest Chair

Long, thin strips of flexed birch

Central cushion recalls where birds lay eggs

Arrived at design by trial and error

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Nina Bruun. Nest Chair. 2010.

Birchwood. Height 36”. Courtesy of the artist. [Fig. 13-12]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (1 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Mixing heritage of traditional practices with new avenues of expression

Two classes

Work made with loom

Work made off-loom

Weaving

Interlacing of fibers

Warp fibers

Long fibers in place on a loom

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (2 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Weaving

Loom

Device holding fibers in place

Weft fibers

Cross warp fibers at a right angle

Can be sophisticated, complex

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (3 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Lara Baladi, Sandouk el Dounia (The World in a Box)

Large-scale tapestry

Created a huge collage of about 900 photographs

Programmed a digitally operated loom

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Lara Baladi. Sandouk el Dounia (The World in a Box). 2007. 10’4” × 8’2-4⁄10”. Tapestry made with a digitally operated loom from the original photo-collage of 900 C41 3-15/16” × 5-29/32” prints. Cini Foundation, Venice, 2011. [Fig. 13-13a]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Lara Baladi. Sandouk el Dounia (The World in a Box). 2007. Detail. [Fig. 13-13b]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (4 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Weaving

Ardabil Carpet

Sunburst surrounded by 16 oval shapes

Originally covered floor of prayer chapel

Required approximately 25 million knots

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

The Ardabil Carpet. Tabriz. 1540. Wool pile on silk warps and wefts. 34’ × 17’6”. Victoria and Albert Museum, London. V&A images, London/Art Resource, NY. [Fig. 13-14]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (5 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Embroidery and Quilt Making

Embroidery

Artists stitch decorative colored threads into and over a base of woven fabric

Peru produced impressive textiles

Funerary cape

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Funerary Cape. Paracas Culture, Peru. c.200 CE. Museo Nacional de Anthropologia y Arqueologia, Lima, Peru. Photograph: Jorge Provenza. © 2018. DeAgostini Picture Library/Scala, Florence. [Fig. 13-15]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (6 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Embroidery and Quilt Making

Some African-American communities have long tradition of quilt making

Gees Bend, Alabama

Jessie Pettway, Bars and String-Piece Columns

Made from leftover pieces

Resembles some African textiles

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Jessie Pettway. Bars and String-Piece Columns. 1950s. Cotton quilt. 95” × 76”. Tinwood Alliance Collection. San Francisco MoMA. Photograph: Steve Pitking. © 2018 Jessie T. Pettway/Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. [Fig. 13-16]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Textiles (7 of 7)

13.5 Discuss how artists use repetition and rhythm in their designs.

Faith Ringgold: Stitching History

“Story quilts”

Stories from her own life

Tradition in family as far back as great-great-grandmother

Quilting as an art form used by slave women

Depictions of African-American culture

Tar Beach later became children’s book

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Faith Ringgold, with detail of The Purple Quilt. 1986. Photograph: C’Love. [Fig. 13-17]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Faith Ringgold. Tar Beach. (Part I from The Women on a Bridge series.) 1988. Acrylic on canvas, bordered with printed, painted, quilted, and pieced cloth. 74-5⁄8” × 68-1⁄2”. Guggenheim Museum, New York. Gift of Mr. and Mrs. Gus and Judith Lieber 1988. © 2018. The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation/Art Resource, NY/Scala, Florence. © 2018 Faith Ringgold, member Artists Rights Society (ARS), New York. [Fig. 13-18]

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

Copyright

Copyright © 2019, 2014, 2011 Pearson Education, Inc. All Rights Reserved

47

 

Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor’s, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

How It Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

 

 


Get Professional Assignment Help Cheaply

fast coursework help

Are you busy and do not have time to handle your assignment? Are you scared that your paper will not make the grade? Do you have responsibilities that may hinder you from turning in your assignment on time? Are you tired and can barely handle your assignment? Are your grades inconsistent?

Whichever your reason may is, it is valid! You can get professional academic help from our service at affordable rates. We have a team of professional academic writers who can handle all your assignments.

Our essay writers are graduates with diplomas, bachelor's, masters, Ph.D., and doctorate degrees in various subjects. The minimum requirement to be an essay writer with our essay writing service is to have a college diploma. When assigning your order, we match the paper subject with the area of specialization of the writer.

Why Choose Our Academic Writing Service?

  • Plagiarism free papers
  • Timely delivery
  • Any deadline
  • Skilled, Experienced Native English Writers
  • Subject-relevant academic writer
  • Adherence to paper instructions
  • Ability to tackle bulk assignments
  • Reasonable prices
  • 24/7 Customer Support
  • Get superb grades consistently

How It Works

1.      Place an order

You fill all the paper instructions in the order form. Make sure you include all the helpful materials so that our academic writers can deliver the perfect paper. It will also help to eliminate unnecessary revisions.

2.      Pay for the order

Proceed to pay for the paper so that it can be assigned to one of our expert academic writers. The paper subject is matched with the writer’s area of specialization.

3.      Track the progress

You communicate with the writer and know about the progress of the paper. The client can ask the writer for drafts of the paper. The client can upload extra material and include additional instructions from the lecturer. Receive a paper.

4.      Download the paper

The paper is sent to your email and uploaded to your personal account. You also get a plagiarism report attached to your paper.

smile and order essaysmile and order essayPLACE THIS ORDER OR A SIMILAR ORDER WITH ASSIGNMENT DEN TODAY AND GET AN AMAZING DISCOUNT

order custom essay paper
Order a unique copy of this paper
(550 words)

Approximate price: $22

Basic features
  • Free title page and bibliography
  • Unlimited revisions
  • Plagiarism-free guarantee
  • Money-back guarantee
  • 24/7 support
On-demand options
  • Writer’s samples
  • Part-by-part delivery
  • Overnight delivery
  • Copies of used sources
  • Expert Proofreading
Paper format
  • 275 words per page
  • 12 pt Arial/Times New Roman
  • Double line spacing
  • Any citation style (APA, MLA, Chicago/Turabian, Harvard)

Our guarantees

We value our customers and so we ensure that what we do is 100% original..
With us you are guaranteed of quality work done by our qualified experts.Your information and everything that you do with us is kept completely confidential.

Money-back guarantee

You have to be 100% sure of the quality of your product to give a money-back guarantee. This describes us perfectly. Make sure that this guarantee is totally transparent.

Read more

Zero-plagiarism guarantee

The Product ordered is guaranteed to be original. Orders are checked by the most advanced anti-plagiarism software in the market to assure that the Product is 100% original. The Company has a zero tolerance policy for plagiarism.

Read more

Free-revision policy

The Free Revision policy is a courtesy service that the Company provides to help ensure Customer’s total satisfaction with the completed Order. To receive free revision the Company requires that the Customer provide the request within fourteen (14) days from the first completion date and within a period of thirty (30) days for dissertations.

Read more

Privacy policy

The Company is committed to protect the privacy of the Customer and it will never resell or share any of Customer’s personal information, including credit card data, with any third party. All the online transactions are processed through the secure and reliable online payment systems.

Read more

Fair-cooperation guarantee

By placing an order with us, you agree to the service we provide. We will endear to do all that it takes to deliver a comprehensive paper as per your requirements. We also count on your cooperation to ensure that we deliver on this mandate.

Read more

Calculate the price of your order

550 words
We'll send you the first draft for approval by September 11, 2018 at 10:52 AM
Total price:
$26
The price is based on these factors:
Academic level
Number of pages
Urgency
Open chat
1
You can contact our live agent via WhatsApp! Via +1 817 953 0426

Feel free to ask questions, clarifications, or discounts available when placing an order.

Order your essay today and save 20% with the discount code VICTORY