Professional Nursing Roles of Surveillance

Professional Nursing Roles of Surveillance

Case Finding

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  • Screenings
  • Door to door, finding or tracing contacts
  • Investigation of contacts and diseases
    • Identifying individuals who may be infected from exposure
    • Identifying risk factors in individuals and/or locating people whose behavior suggests they are at risk for certain problems AND assessing them further and referring them as necessary

Reporting

  • Some diseases are reportable while others are not. Disease can be reported by various health care professionals in various methods (fax, telephone, or electronically).
  • In the United States, reporting is mandated by state laws and regulations. Visit the state’s health department for specific laws and reporting methods.
  • State health departments voluntarily report nationally notifiable diseases to the CDC.
  • The CDC has 74 diseases on the national notifiable disease surveillance system (NNDSS), which changes periodically (refer to Box 8-3 in text).
  • The CDC has an updated list located at http://www.cdc.gov/ncphi/disss/nndss/phs/infdis.htm.

Data Collecting and Analysis

  • Collect a variety of statistical measures to look for trends and cycles, and to monitor or watch over the population.
  • “Collecting and evaluating” data is a component of “monitoring” (Maurer et al., p. 16).
  • Variety of data needed, such as demographic data and epidemiological data
  • Data collection “gathers the who, when, where, what…to answer the why” (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2004, p. 907).
  • Collect data and evaluate all aspects of disease occurrences and spread.
  • Provide feedback information to the public, media, planners, health agencies, etc.

Follow-Up/Evaluating

  • Did the interventions/programs control the community disease/problem?
  • What measures are needed for prevention of the community disease/problem?
  • Individual care/home visits to monitor persons under treatment and ensure compliance with treatment protocol
  • Even though care is individual or family, at times the focus is on the health of the population.
  • References

Maurer, F. A., & Smith, C. M. (2009). Community/public health nursing practice: Health for families and populations (4th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Saunders/Elsevier.

Stanhope, M., & Lancaster, J. (2004). Community and public health nursing (6th ed.). St. Louis, MO: Elsevier.

 

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 1/10
Epidemiology Research Paper
Due Nov 29 by 11:59pm Points 150 Submitting a file upload
Submit Assignment
NR442 Community Health Nursing
Epidemiology Research Paper
PURPOSE
The purpose of this assignment is to write a scholarly paper discussing a communicable disease,
demonstrating knowledge of epidemiological principles and the community health nurse’s role in disease
surveillance, including case finding, data collection, reporting, and evaluation
DUE DATE
Refer to Course Calendar for details. The Late Assignment Policy applies to this assignment.
TOTAL POINTS POSSIBLE: 150 POINTS
REQUIREMENTS
Assignment
Choose a communicable disease from the modified CDC’s “2018 National Notifiable Conditions.”
Sign up under PEOPLE in canvas only one student per group even though it says 2.
Write a scholarly paper on a selected communicable disease. The paper should be 2,000 words
length maximum.
The paper should contain a cover page, abstract, appendix, and reference pages (which are not part
of the word count).
Include the following:
1. Present a brief clinical description of a communicable disease (including signs and symptoms,
diagnostic methods, treatment, prevalence, incidence, and prognosis).
2. A. Provide an epidemiological description of the disease by selecting an appropriate epidemiologic
model (the EPI Triangle preferred) and apply it to the identified communicable disease. B. In an
appendix include and label a diagram of the model.

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 2/10
EPI Rubric
3. Describe the following: agent, host, and environmental characteristics and the relationships
between them. This are 3 separate sections of the rubric.
4. Discuss the impact of the disease (by including statistics) and the effects/implications of the
disease both locally, nationally and globally.
5. Based on available data, assess and evaluate the effectiveness of current public health education
and prevention programs related to this disease. Identify gaps and areas of opportunity or
successes. Demonstrate decision making by proposing new interventions or programs that
improve client outcomes by decreasing the prevalence or impact of the disease on a target
population.
6. Apply the following roles of professional nursing regarding the surveillance of this disease: case
finding, reporting, data collection and analysis, and follow-up/evaluation. See handout resource
week 2.
7. Provide a minimum of four current professional references.
8. Prepare this assignment according to APA guidelines.
9. Please review the grading rubric prior to beginning the assignment to become familiar with the
expectations for successful completion.
10. You are required to submit this assignment to Turn it in.

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 3/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
7.5 pts
9.0 pts
Abstract
Thorough,
clear, and
accurate
abstract that
utilizes
keywords
representative
of what the
paper is about.
7.5 to >6.9 pts
Outstanding
Thorough, clear,
and accurate
abstract that
utilizes keywords
representative of
what the paper is
about.
6.9 to >5.7 pts
Good
Adequate abstract
that utilizes most
keywords
representative of
what the paper is
about. Mostly
accurate
5.7 to >0.0 pts
Satisfactory
Vague abstract
with few
inaccuracies that
utilizes some
keywords
representative of
what the paper is
about
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
Missing Abstract or
with many
inaccuracies and
minimal to no use of
keywords
representative of
what the paper is
about
Clinical
Description
Clinical
description of
the
communicable
disease is
present and
provides a
concise,
accurate, and
clear overview
of all of the
clinical
descriptors
(signs,
symptoms,
treatment,
tests,
prognosis, etc).
9.0 pts
Outstanding
Clinical description of the
communicable disease is
present and provides a
concise, accurate, of all
of the clinical descriptors
(signs, symptoms,
treatment, tests,
prognosis, Etc)
7.92 pts
Good
Clinical
description of the
communicable
disease is
accurate and
provides a
complete
overview of most
of the clinical
descriptors.
6.84 pts
Satisfactory
Clinical
description of
the
communicable
disease
provides an
overview of
some of the
clinical
descriptions.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
Clinical
description of the
communicable
disease provides
an overview of
some clinical
components with
many errors or
omissions

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 4/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
7.5 pts
7.5 pts
7.5 pts
Description of
the Model
A written
description of
the model and
how the
components of
the model
interact is
thoroughly,
accurately, and
clearly
provided.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
A written description
of the model and how
the components of the
model interact is
thoroughly, accurately,
and clearly provided.
6.9 pts
Good
A written
description of
the model and
how the
components of
the model
interactions is
provided.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
A written description
of the model and/or
how the components
of the model interact
is provided with some
errors or omissions
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
A written
description of
the model if
present contains
several
inaccuracies.
Labels may be
omitted
Visual of the
Model
A visual
depiction
(graphic) of the
model is
present that is
complete and
accurate with
the components
labeled
7.5 pts
Outstanding
A visual depiction
(graphic) of the model
is present that is
complete and accurate
with the components
labeled.
6.9 pts
Good
A visual
depiction
(graphic) of
the model is
present and
mostly
accurate.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
A visual depiction
(graphic) of the model
is present with some
inaccuracies/omissions
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
A visual
depiction
(graphic) of the
model if present
contains several
inaccuracies.
Labels may be
omitted
Agent
The agent (and
agent factors)
applicable to
the
communicable
disease is
accurately,
thoroughly, and
clearly
described in the
context of the
model.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
The agent and
agent factors
applicable to the
communicable
disease is
accurately,
thoroughly, and
clearly described
6.9 pts
Good
The agent,
including agent
factors
applicable to the
communicable
disease is
adequately
described
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
The agent
,including agent
factors
applicable to the
communicable
disease is
minimally
described
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
The agent including
agent factors
applicable to the
communicable
disease if listed is
described with many
omissions or errors.

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 5/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
7.5 pts
7.5 pts
Host
The host and
host factors
associated with
the
communicable
disease is
accurately,
thoroughly, and
clearly
described in the
context of the
model.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
The host and host
factors associated
with the
communicable
disease is accurately,
thoroughly, and
clearly described
6.9 pts
Good
The host and
host factors
associated with
the
communicable
disease is
adequately
described.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
The host and
host factors
associated with
the
communicable
disease
minimally is
described.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
The host and host
factors associated
with the
communicable
disease if listed is
described with many
omissions or errors
Environment
The
environment
associated with
the
communicable
disease is
accurately,
thoroughly, and
clearly
described in the
context of the
model.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
The environment
associated with the
communicable
disease is
accurately,
thoroughly, and
clearly described
6.9 pts
Good
The
environment
associated with
the
communicable
disease is
adequately
described.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
The
environment
associated with
the
communicable
disease is
minimally
described.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
The environment
associated with the
communicable disease
if identified and/ or
described has many
omissions or errors.

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 6/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
18.0 pts
18.0 pts
Disease Impact
Clearly,
thoroughly, and
accurately
describes the
impact of the
communicable
disease and
includes
accurate
statistics
regarding the
communicable
disease.
18.0 pts
Outstanding
Clearly, thoroughly,
and accurately
describes the impact
and implications of
disease includes
accurate statistics
regarding incidence
and prevalence at the
local, national and
global levels
concerning the
communicable
disease.
15.8 pts
Good
Describes the
communicable
disease
impact/implications
adequately and
presents statistics
regarding the
communicable
disease with
minimal omission
or inaccuracies
13.6 pts
Satisfactory
Describes the
communicable
disease
impact/implications
incompletely and
presents statistics
regarding the
communicable
disease with
several omissions
or inaccuracies.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
Vaguely or
incompletely
describes the
impact or
implications of
the
communicable
disease.
Statistics
regarding the
communicable
disease may
be inaccurate
or incomplete.
Initiatives and
programs
Clearly and
accurately
describes
related
programs and
their purpose
currently in
place as a
result of the
communicable
disease
18.0 pts
Outstanding
Clearly and
accurately
describes
related
initiatives
and/or
programs
currently in
place.
Includes their
purpose
related to the
communicable
disease.
15.8 pts
Good
Adequately identifies
or describes related
programs currently in
place as a result of the
communicable disease
with minimal
omissions/inaccuracies
13.6 pts
Satisfactory
equately identifies or
describes related
programs currently in
place as a result of the
communicable disease
with minimal
omissions/inaccuracies.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
Vaguely
identifies or
describes
related
programs
currently in
place as a
result of the
communicable
disease. Many
inaccuracies
and/or
omissions

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 7/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
7.5 pts
7.5 pts
7.5 pts
Case Finding
Describes the
nurse
surveillance
role of
casefinding
regarding the
communicable
disease
chosen.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
A clear, thorough,
and accurate
description of the
nurses’ role in case
finding as applied
to the
communicable
disease is
presented
6.9 pts
Good
An adequate
description of
the nurses’ role
in case finding
as applied to
the
communicable
disease is
presented
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
A description of the
nurses’ role in case
finding as applied to
the communicable
disease is
presented with
some errors and/or
omissions
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
A description of the
nurses’ role in case
finding as applied to
the communicable
disease is presented
with many errors
and/or omissions.
Reporting
Describes the
nurse
surveillance
role of reporting
regarding the
communicable
disease
chosen,
demonstrates
knowledge of
state law and
the National
Notifiable
Disease
Surveillance
System.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
A clear, thorough, and
accurate description of
the nurses’ role in
reporting as applied to
the communicable
disease is presented,
including knowledge of
state law and the
National Notifiable
Disease Surveillance
System regarding the
communicable disease
6.9 pts
Good
An adequate
description of the
nurses’ role in
reporting as applied to
the communicable
disease is presented,
including knowledge
of state law and the
National Notifiable
Disease Surveillance
System regarding the
communicable
disease.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
A description
of the nurses’
role in
reporting as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented
with some
errors and/or
omissions
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
A description of
the nurses’ role
in reporting as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented with
many errors
and/or
omissions
Data Collection
Describes the
nurse
surveillance
role of data
collection and
analysis
regarding the
communicable
disease
chosen.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
A clear, thorough,
and accurate
description of the
nurses’ role in data
collection and
analysis as applied
to the
communicable
disease is
presented
6.9 pts
Good
An adequate
description of
the nurses’ role
in data
collection and
analysis as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
A description of the
nurses’ role in data
collection and
analysis as applied
to the
communicable
disease is
presented with
some errors and/or
omissions
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
A description of the
nurses’ role in data
collection and
analysis as applied
to the
communicable
disease is
presented with
many errors and/or
omissions.

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 8/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
7.5 pts
7.5 pts
Follow
up/Evaluation
Describes the
nurse
surveillance
role of follow
up/evaluation
regarding the
communicable
disease
chosen.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
A clear, thorough,
and accurate
description of the
nurses’ role in
follow
up/evaluation as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented
6.8 pts
Good
An adequate
description of
the nurses’ role
in follow
up/evaluation as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented.
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
A description of the
nurses’ role in follow
up/evaluation as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented with
some errors and/or
omissions.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
A description of the
nurses’ role in follow
up/evaluation as
applied to the
communicable
disease is
presented with
many errors and/or
omissions
Thesis
Development
and Purpose
The Thesis
and/or main
claim are
comprehensive;
contained
within the thesis
is the essence
of the paper.
Thesis
statement
makes the
purpose of the
paper clear.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
Thesis and/or main
claim are
comprehensive and
contained within the
thesis is the essence of
the paper. Thesis
statement makes the
purpose of the paper
clear
6.9 pts
Good
Thesis and/or
main claim is
generally
descriptive and
reflective of the
arguments and
appropriate to
the purpose
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
Thesis and/or
main claim
are somewhat
apparent
though not
clearly stated
and
appropriate to
purpose.
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
Thesis and/or main
claim are insufficiently
developed and/or
vague; purpose is not
clear. Paper lacks any
discernible overall
purpose or organizing
claim.

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 9/10
Criteria Ratings Pts
15.0 pts
Mechanics of
Writing
The content
flows with
construction of
paragraphs and
transitions.
Ideas progress
and relate to
each other.
Writer is clearly
in command of
standard,
written,
academic
English. Prose
is without
mechanical
errors and there
is not
unnecessary
repetition. A
variety of
sentence
structures and
proper
sentence
structure
apparent.
Effective figures
of speech are
used. The
writing and tone
are appropriate
for the intended
audience.
Format
(margins,
headings,
running head,
title page)
follows APA
style.
15.0 pts
Outstanding
There is a
sophisticated
construction
of paragraphs
and
transitions.
Ideas
progress and
relate to each
other.
Sentence
structure is
correct and
varied. Writer
is clearly in
command of
standard,
written,
academic
English
Language
and word
choice are
reflective of
the intended
audience. All
format
components
follow APA
13.2 pts
Good
Paragraphs
and
transitions
generally
show a logical
progression of
ideas, unity
and/or
cohesiveness.
A degree of
organization
is evident.
Prose is
largely free of
mechanical
errors and
misspellings,
although a
few may be
present. A
variety of
sentence
structures and
effective
figures of
speech are
used. APA
format is
followed
11.4 pts
Satisfactory
Mechanical
errors or typos
are present, but
are not overly
distracting to the
reader. Correct
sentence
structure and
audienceappropriate
language
generally used.
Template is used,
and formatting is
correct, although
some minor
errors may be
present.
Paragraphs are
generally
competent, but
ideas may show
some
inconsistency in
organization
and/or in their
relationships to
each other
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
he following in various
combinations may be present:
Frequent and repetitive
mechanical errors that distract
the reader. Inconsistencies in
tone, sentence structure,
and/or word choice are
present. Writing errors impede
clear communication. Meaning
is uncertain. Inappropriate
word choice and/or sentence
construction are used.
Paragraphs and transitions
consistently lack unity and
coherence. No apparent
connections between
paragraphs are established.
Transitions are inappropriate to
purpose and scope.
Organization is disjointed.
Template elements are missing
or incorrect; lack of control with
formatting is apparent. APA not
us

11/11/2020 Epidemiology Research Paper
https://chamberlain.instructure.com/courses/72880/assignments/2360171 10/10
Total Points: 150.0
Criteria Ratings Pts
7.5 pts
Research
Citations
In-text citations
and a reference
page are
complete.
Documentation
of cited sources
is correct. APA
format followed.
7.5 pts
Outstanding
In text citations and
reference page are
complete.
Documentation of cited
sources is correct. APA
format followed
6.9 pts
Good
Reference page is
present, there are
cited sources.
Documentation and
style is mostly
correct
5.7 pts
Satisfactory
Reference
page is
present.
Citations are
inconsistently
used
0.0 pts
Unsatisfactory
Incomplete or
absent reference
page. Citations are
missing, incorrect,
or not from
academic sources

 

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