Brief Historical Overview: A Radical Transformation from
Tsarist Empire to Socialist State
1917: Bolshevik Revolution (or October Revolution)
1917â€“1923: Russian Civil War
1922: USSR (Soviet Union)
Leadership: Vladimir I. Lenin (1870â€“1924)
â€¢ Planned economy â€¢ Centralized government â€¢ End of private property â€¢ Based on class struggle
Contributions of Soviet Cinema
Ideological: the political power of cinema
Mode of production: centralized planning of cinema by
Style: New approach to cinema through montage
â€¢ Is Soviet cinema the only
â€¢ Examples of other types of
ideology present in the silent
cinema we have studied so far?
From Russian to Soviet Cinema
â€œOf all of the arts, for us the cinema is the most importantâ€ (Lenin, 1922)
and the struggle
Peopleâ€™s Commissariat of Education (Narkompros) starts to oversee the cinema
â€¢ August 1919:
Lenin Decree starts nationalization of film industry
State film school (now the Gerasimov Institute of
â€¢ Increasing centralization of film production and
Agit-train taking film projections to the countryside
(Thompson and Bordwell, p.122)
State Film School nowadays
(Gerasimov Institute of Cinematography, Moscow)
What is montage?
â€¢ Led by Lev Kuleshov at the State Film School
â€¢ The beginning of the idea of montage
â€¢ The â€œKuleshov Effectâ€
â€¢ Formed some of the main names of Soviet
Montage cinema such as Sergei Eisenstein,
What is the
In montage, cinematic meaning emerges from
the CUTS that create a relation between shots.
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