The secondary data analysis

cumulative assessment
the final paper is cumulative assessment of the health of you selected community,it is essentially a compilation of1-the secondary data analysis2-photo assignment3- implementation planthe final paper should be incorporated previous feedback and be interrogated narratively and conceptually in the scope of the assessment, you may copy and paste sections from previous papers that did not require revision on feedback.It should be 3,000 words in length excluding tables images, photos and references.


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South Lawndale

The South Lawndale Arch is meant to welcome people in the society and this is based on the welcoming culture of the community. However on the side of the arch, there are platforms which are aimed to offer a pace to place art or pictorial features. The current picture relates to the Day of the Dead, which is a Mexican holiday. With such a large Mexican population and lack of proper healthcare services and fresh produce food, the diet of the population is going to involve a significant amount of sugars and fats.



The architecture of the buildings in the community is old and has not been updated to current safety standards. This has led to children dying from multiple factors that would have been avoided such as fires and improper used chemicals and materials.


Marshall Boulevard presents traditional community architectures where the buildings are old and aimed at residential living. The location of the buildings is aimed to serve as homes for the working class in the community.





Little village (La VILLITA) — The city of neighborhoods. (2016, November 14). Retrieved from




Community engagement and data collection plan

Identification of community assets

Little village is a community that is rich in culture and diversity and has grown to become a significant part of Chicago. Little Village cultural heritage dates back to the 19th century when it was a community that provided labor to the multiple industries and factories that run in Chicago. The closure of various factories and an increase in Hispanic population in the community led to diversity and the community became rich with culture and started to change not only demographically but also based on the institutions and facilities that were present. Community assets are critical as they provide information and opportunities to all the persons living in the community. Little Village has relied upon its reputation and history to invest in different community assets which has aided the community to grow and projected to be beneficial to the growing young population that makes up a majority of the population while dealing with ailing diseases that the community faces.

Some of the main assets that Little Village has invested in is having healthcare systems oriented to serve the local and regional market. The health care facilities in the community both speak Spanish or English as standards which means that locals that only speak Spanish, can easily access healthcare in the community (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017). The investment in healthcare is meant to ensure that all parties are being served while at the same time calling attention to critical health issues that people should deal with. When analyzing the issues that limit access to health, language barrier is one of the leading barriers to healthcare in a community with established healthcare facilities.

Health facilities are further diversified in nature with some being research centers  while others are based on clinic basis which ensures that healthcare is cheap. Points of healthcare that are oriented to meet the needs of the society are often affordable and take into consideration the living cost of the community rather than having standard pricing mechanism which leads to people avoiding healthcare as it is unaffordable. The use of research centers as points of healthcare access is critical for the local population. Research medical centers  enable the population to learn about different health issues, create employment and further educate the population which is important for increasing the education levels and improving the healthcare of the community.

The community has further invested in education with schools developing in different areas. The schools are aimed at ensuring that more people have access to education with the Chicago Public Library branch located in Little Village is aimed at supplementing the education centers that are present. As community assets they are oriented to serve the greater public and ensure that the levels of education are rising. Having schools that teach both in English and Spanish is critical as it also provides an avenue for the adult population that migrated into the region from Mexico to start learning English and other skills through the available schools. (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020)

The community has a strong religious connection and this has led to the development of community dedicated churches that help in keeping connected and teaching the values that are wished upon the people. Through the dedicated churches, the Mexican culture, where children get to participate in different church activities is kept alive and leads to the Mexican culture that’s family oriented being one of the leading assets in the community. The Mexican culture and strong family ties has ensured that the young population is looked for and always motivated to go after education to ensure that they are doing better and qualifying for higher paying jobs.

26th street is one of the greatest community assets in Little Village. 26th street is a commercial street that provides an opportunity for small businesses to thrive and also creates employment for multiple people within the community. As a commercial space, Little Village has led to the retail sector in Chicago rising with Little Village’s 26th street being among the top earners when it comes to retailing (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017). The small business is owned by individuals within the community which means that revenues generated are directed towards the community benefits. As an asset it means that the community is able to compete with other communities in terms of the revenue generated and the income that it can offer to transitional employees. With a rich retail section, the community has a steady stream of revenue that is used to support community assets and ensure they are not depreciating.

The community assets of Little Village are not sufficient as the community faces challenges on different issues such as on education and in employment and healthcare . The community needs more community assets as well as a platform through which people get to explore the options that they have when it comes to career choice. The educational option that needs to be improved upon will include having colleges and universities in the community making it easier for people to pursue degrees and diplomas enabling the community to compete in the formal sector.

Engaging community stakeholders

When analyzing the environment that one can engage with the stakeholders, it is important to note the stakeholders within the community. Little Village main community stakeholders are families, business people, healthcare facilities and the education facilities while minor stakeholders will include people that come to work in the region as well as tourist that come to visit the community due to its retailing spirit and the variety of products that are available. Each stakeholder will be found at different location which means that strategies need to be diversified in nature and cover different areas within the community.

Engaging families will be through holding public meetings in community centers and in churches. Families are connected with when they are engaged through areas that they can easily access and where multiple people can be reached with ease. Through church, scheduling community engagement after services or having the announcement made through church would go a long way in connecting with the community. Through the church, religious stakeholders will be involved in advocating for safety issues and also calling to attention some of the issues that the population is at risk such as type I diabetes as well as the risk of high blood pressure and other chronic diseases.  Religious leaders can thus use their platform to motivate people not only to exercise but also to eat healthy and ensure they are having medical checkups, on the various days that different hospitals or clinics are offering discounted or free services.

Business communities are important in a community especially in a community whose commercial street is very important and contributes heavily to the community and city economic factions. Approaching the business and requesting them not only to partner up but to offer up information on different issues will enable the information to be viewed by more people and make it easier not only to collect data but also to reach more people (Johnson, 2016). The businesses on 26th street are family owned which means that the owners will discuss their families the issues that are provided and these will lead to a more informed debate and easier collection of information.

Schools are an important part as they help in connecting with the younger population directly and serve as an avenue to raise issues with parents through Parent Teacher Associations and meetings. Schools are important as teachers can be used to spread information and asked to identify the areas where the research could be directed towards ensuring that the society is improving both on health issues and on increasing the education levels in society (Stoecker, 2012). Through the schools program, information can be disbursed and the young generation can start to learn on how they can further their education and how this will impact their life in future as well as how to live healthy and the disease that exists.

To build off on previously documented assessments , interventions and development initiates, it will be important to identify the areas that need to be improved and how this will affect the community and the assets. Some of the issues that the community needs to address is the availability of public parks that can be utilized by the public and also children which will be important in ensuring that children have a safe area to play . The community assets that are available can further be improved upon to ensure that the community is benefitting more thus improving on the health of the community and encouraging people to exercise.

Collecting primary data

When collecting secondary  some of the limitations faced are the fact that the information was limiting and did not cover all bases. The limited categories that were included in the research papers  accessed limited the amount of conclusion and the lack of specific questions were major blocks when conducting secondary research. Data such as the type of diabetes that the population suffered was not available and this meant that one could not categorize the dangers of diabetes as hereditary or from diet and inactivity.  The lack of research that was oriented to cater to this niche meant that the secondary data was inefficient to support different claims.

When analyzing the level of education, most of the people had attained a high school or equivalent but at the same time a significant part of the population is below the age of 19, which meant that this could be based on this fact (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020). The aspect of the people in college was not provided which would mean that multiple people are pursuing a higher education within the community but does not count.

When analyzing the data required to ensure that the research paper was more conclusive, more information is required on the chronic disease  that affects the population as well as the different categories of the chronic disease that are prevalent. Collecting the data will help in identifying the type of healthcare that the community requires and how it can be achieved. To collect the data, engaging the healthcare centers and further engaging community organization will be of help since it will help in understanding the chronic disease that are present in the community and also the level of education that is present and the population that has access or actively pursuing higher education within the community (Johnson, 2016). To obtain the answers from the community organization and health facilities, it is important to engage them directly asking questions and also have the business and schools provide one with the relevant information if they are willing and with the permission of their consumers and students.





Your paper started off well with the historical context and consideration of some assets in South Lawndale, but you veered off the requirements of the assignment and didn’t connect your examination of stakeholders and data collection to the health issues raised in the secondary data analysis.  Based on what you discovered in the secondary data, which stakeholders would be important to engage to learn more about how these disparities develop in the community.  What would you want to know in order to better understand how to intervene to raise South Lawndale’s health profile.  Which health issues and which populations within the community might you want to focus on?  You need to bring in health in a more substantive way throughout the paper.


As you move forward with your final project, make sure previous feedback on this and the secondary data analysis has been addressed and successfully integrated.

Grade:   19/25





Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release. (2020). CMAP. Retrieved from

(2017). Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0. Retrieved from

Community Snapshot: South Lawndale. (2016). Rush University Medical Center. Retrieved from

Johnson, L. R. (2016). Community-based qualitative research: Approaches for education and the social sciences. SAGE Publications.

Stoecker, R. (2012). Research methods for community change: A project-based approach: A project-based approach. SAGE.







?? I’m not sure there are many research centers based in South Lawandale??


Are you referring to UIC here?


Are these the priorities from your secondary data analysis?  I thought you were going to focus on issues like obesity, diabetes, teen births, etc.


OK, I see you’re making connections back to the health data here.


Did you find any? What did they prioritize?


  1. How is this tied to the health issues you brought up in your secondary data analysis?


Secondary data


Which research papers??


It’s predominately Type II diabetes, but how would this affect your approach?


  1. You identified obesity and diabetes. Who among the assets and stakeholders you identified would have insight into how these problems develop in South Lawndale. Would there be priority populations (i.e., youth, parents, families, elderly) that you would want to reach in order to better understand these disparities?  What opiions, beliefs, and attitudes of community residents might be important to understand?



South Lawndale

Community Demographics

South Lawndale is one of Chicago’s best defined communities, with a population that is largely Hispanic. The community is on the west side of the city of Chicago and is known through the common moniker “Little Village”. South Lawndale covers a land area of 11.4km2. The community is well known due to Little Village’s 26th street which has been one of the major rivers of retail in Chicago making $900 million in sales in 2015.

South Lawndale is one of the most  communities with the largest non-born Mexican  populations in Chicago. South Lawndale community composition has been changing over the years which have led to a diversified population, but the population size has also declined over the past years based on previous census data’s (“South Lawndale,” 2004 ). When analyzing the composition of the population, unlike in the past, Hispanics are the majority. The census conducted in 2000 and prior, white people were the majority in the area. South Lawndale has a population size of 74943 with a total household of 17946, with an average of 4.2 people per household. The south Lawndale household rate is higher than Chicago’s which is at 2.6 per household. The population decline of south Lawndale has been decreasing with a decline of 2000-2010 at -12.9% while from 2010 to 2008; the population decline was -5.5. (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020)

The south Lawndale population is made up of ethnics and race backgrounds. Hispanics or Latinos make up the majority of the population with 62345 making 83% of the population, black non-Hispanic make up the second majority with a population size of 9,124, at 12.2%, white non-Hispanics at 3058 4.1%, Asian non-Hispanic at 112 at 0.1% while 304 at 0.4% of the people fall into other categories. Majority of the population is below the age of 19 with an average age of 30 years. Analyzing the education levels of the population they are very low with the majority of the population only having less than high school graduate education at 47.8%, while professional degrees make up the least at 1.7% (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020). When analyzing the language that is most spoken, 35% of the people in South Lawndale speak English as a second language. Spanish is the most prevalent language with 76.5% of the population using Spanish at home while 23% of the population speaks English at home. (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020 )

When analyzing the employment rate of the area, 50.1% of the population is in the labor force with 90% of the people in the labor force being employed while 9.6% are unemployment. 49.9% of the population is not in the labor force which means that a majority of the population is unemployed. The average income per household is $33612 with 35% of the households earning less than $25000 and 33.5% earning between $25000 and $49999 (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020). Based on the information, a majority of the population is not able to meet the cost of living which leads to South Lawndale experiencing low social economic growth. The low income further means that the rate of home ownership is low with only 31.4% of the population living in the won occupied houses while 54.8% of the houses are occupied and are rental units. Due to the large household numbers, and low income, the majority of the population lives in 2 bedroom units and 3 bedroom units. A majority of the buildings are old buildings which mean that new units have not been built (“Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release,” 2020). The majority of the housing units were built before 1940 which means that the depreciation rate is not only high, but the quality of housing available is quite questionable especially in cases where renovations have not been carried out.

Health disparities

The south Lawndale health disparity is wide when compared with the rest of the population of Chicago and the United States . Like in most of Chicago, the health disparities in the South Lawndale community are characterized by race, income and ethnicity. A significant population of south Lawndale does not have health insurance and a majority of the population has reported to being of fair or poor health. The lack of insurance in the community is higher, 36.3%, than the Chicago average, 19.6%. The low income and high unemployment rate continue to the high levels of lack for healthcare insurance. (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017)

When analyzing the health factors, the occurrence of diabetes in the community has increased by more than 200% in the last 18 years. This can be tied to low income as well as to the fact that 40% of the south Lawndale population have reported they do not have access to healthy foods. 65.9 deaths per 100,000 populations are caused by diabetes in south Lawndale compared to 59.5 per 100000 in Chicago. The population eats fast foods and low nutrient content foods which are cheaper and affordable and are filled with sugars making the food unhealthy for consumption (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017). Healthy eating in the community is not possible with only 14.1% fruit and vegetable serving’s compared to 25.6% for Chicago. Diabetes has been linked with the lack of healthy eating and in most cases, healthy eating entails fruits and vegetables as they have low sugar content.

South Lawndale has a high infant mortality rate at 5.1 deaths per 1000 live births  which can be linked to few people not accessing healthcare as well as the fact that 1.1% of pregnant women do smoke which negatively affects the infant growth, compared to an average of 6.3 deaths per 1,000 births in Chicago. Abuse of drugs in the community is not prevalent although a significant amount of the populations are alcoholics which leads the immunity of the people binge drinking being compromised and so is their health. 29.3% of the population in south Lawndale, binge drink compared with 26.4% of the Chicago population. (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017)

South Lawndale occurrence of teen birth in the society is quite high at 46 per 1000 compared to 21.5 per 1000 in Chicago. The high teen birth rate contributes to the health disparity as most teens will drop out from school once they are pregnant. By dropping out, the teens are denied an opportunity to pursue their dreams and also do not get quality education on different issues living them open to make certain mistakes in their lifestyle which leads to poor health conditions.

The rate of inactivity on the community is high.  32% of the south Lawndale population does not exercise compared to 27% of the Chicago population. The lack of inactivity is highly based in the high crime rate and also the fact that most do not know the health benefits of exercising. The lack of exercise has led to a significant population of south Lawndale suffering from obesity (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017). 35% of the male population in South Lawndale is obese while 30% of the female population in the area is obese. South Lawndale does have an extensive health care service. It has multiple healthcare clinics that offer medical services to the population in an aim to ensure that the people are leading a healthy life and extending their life expectancy. The success of the clinics is evident as the community has a life expectancy of 80 years compared to Chicago’s life expectancy of 77 years.

Social determinants

Some of the social determinants of high disparities in the community are the aspect of high rates of unemployment and the majority of the population holding high schools certificates or an equivalent. The low levels of education in the population are a major threat to the society as they mean that the population is left to fill in low paying jobs and cannot pursue technical and professional careers and job positions. For the rate of production in the population to improve, and a majority of the population to acquire higher paying jobs, college and university level of education needs to be made affordable and easily accessible.

The number of people per household is a huge determinant on the distribution of wealth and resources. In a community with low revenue, the high number of people per households means that the per capita income will be low and thus resources will be stretched. The number of people per household highly stretches the household income if it is low and if more people in the household are not working. In a household with 2 or 3 children, the cost of living is high as they have to rend more bedroom units and the cost of the food basket is quiet high. This leads to the social disparities being more pronounced in the area and this will lead to less savings and investment. (Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0, 2017)

Race and ethnicity have been found to play a key role in the health dissipations that occur in South Lawndale. Minority populations such as Hispanics and black people have been found to have a high prevalence for diabetes especially when living in communities such as South Lawndale community that lacks access to healthy foods and practices. The community has a majority of both ethnic identities which means that a more people in the community might suffer from diabetes with research having established that more than 60% of the population has had familiar experience of diabetes which means that they are at a high rate of suffering from the disease.

Crime in the community happens at a high rate with most of the crimes being less assault and theft which means that the population lives in fear. Through living in fear, people are afraid to invest in society and the implementation of different programs and policies becomes hard as the society has to deal with crime. By allocating more funds towards policing and security, the community is not able to invest in different issues such as community development band education and leads to more division in the community.


Ali, there are a few points from my previous feedback that you didn’t address in this revised version.  See above. 

Even though you weren’t required to respond to the feedback prior to turning in your final report at the end of the course, I appreciate your effort in addressing a lot of the points and getting it back for further review.  I’ll up your grade on the assignment accordingly.




Community Data Snapshot South Lawndale, Chicago Community Area June 2020 Release. (2020). CMAP. Retrieved from

(2017). Community Health Counts Sinai Community Health Survey 2.0. Retrieved from

Community Snapshot: South Lawndale. (2016). Rush University Medical Center. Retrieved from

South Lawndale. (2004). Retrieved from









Not sure what you mean by “non-born Mexican”


Still incorrectly cited


Make sure you cite the original source of the data here. CMAP community profiles are just “snapshots” – they didn’t collect or originally report the data. Correct this and the other CMAP citations below to reflect the correct source of the data (e.g. US Census).


You didn’t address my previous comment about this.


This is lower than the infant mortality rate for Chicago that you report below. You may want to reexamine the data, as this doesn’t appear to be a disparity in South Lawndale.


See my comment for your original version of the paper here.

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